Instead of building a
'saff' tomb like those of his predecessors, Mentuhotep II decided
to build an impressive tomb by the cliffs of Deir el Bahri (the
same location chosen in the 18th dynasty by Hatshepsut). A T-shaped
terrace was built using masonary and by using the natural rock.
The walls built on this terrace were then decorated both inside
and out with painted relief carving.
Pyramid or no
The question of whether or not the temple / tomb was topped with
a pyramid has proved a problem (move the mouse over the picture
to see both versions of the reconstruction). Previous reconstructions
thought that there was a pyramid - the Abbott Papyrus refered
to Mentuhotep II's tomb with the word for 'pyramid'. But recent
investigations have shown that the structure could not have the
supported the additional weight of a pyramid (also by the time
of the Ramesside kings the word for 'pyramid' had changed to
mean a more general term for 'tomb').