The Military campaigns of Tuthmosis I
In Year 2, Tuthmosis I led a highly successful campaign into Nubia, battling against the local warrior clans and was able to thrust as far south as the Fourth Cataract (a boundary marker was set up at Kanisa Kurgus). Tuthmosis I was to fight a Nubian chief in hand-to-hand combat - the Nubian was killed and his body was carried back to Thebes hanging from the prow of Tuthmosis's ship. These campaigns were recorded on an inscription engraved on a rock near the island of Tombos above the Third Cataract, and also in the biographical inscription of Ahmose son of Ebana.After completing his Nubian campaign, Tuthmosis turned his attention to the north of Egypt - he attacked across the River Euphrates into Narin (ruled by the Mitanni). A victory stela was built near Carchemish, describing how many of the enemy were killed or taken captive.
These campaigns of Tuthmosis were to extend the borders of Egypt to the greatest that they would ever be - the River Euphrates in the North and approaching the Fifth Cataract in the south (Tuthmosis I would boast that he had enlarged the boundaries of Egypt to match the cicuit of the sun).
Art and Architecture
To celebrate his military victories, Tuthmosis I renovated the temple of Amun at Karnak;
an enclosure wall, two pylons, a hypostyle hall built of cedar wood columns, with a copper and gold door, two obelisks in front of the outer pylon and flagstaffs tipped with electrum.
The Death of Tuthmosis I
Tuthmosis I died in his fifties, his mummy was found in the royal cache of mummies at TT320. X-rays have shown that he suffered from rheumatoid arthritis, and that sometime in his life he had fractured his pelvis.
The Tombs of Tuthmosis I
Through the talents of his official Ineni, Tuthmosis I was the the first pharaoh to be buried in the Valley of the Kings - the first tomb for the valley was very modest as compared to the later efforts of Seti I (for example). The funerary temple of Tuthmosis I was built on the edge of the cultivated land by the Nile (although this temple has yet to be discovered), Tuthmosis also founded the village for the builders of the tombs in the Valley of the Kings at Deir el Medina.
Although he was the first pharaoh to be buried in the Valley of the Kings, there has been confusion as to what was his original tomb - two tombs have had evidence of Tuthmosis I being buried within them: KV38 contained a canopic chest and a sarcophagus both with the name of Tuthmosis I (however these have been shown to have been made by Tuthmosis III for a reburial of Tuthmosis I). It is now thought that Tuthmosis I was originally buried in KV20 (a sarcophagus was found here also for the burial of Tuthmosis I) - it was this tomb that he shared, for a short while at least, with his daughter Hatshepsut.
Such was his popularity, Tuthmosis I was worshipped as part of a mortuary cult well into the 19th Dynasty and beyond (High Priests of the 21st Dynasty wished to identify themselves with the Tuthmosis Kings).