Khafre (2558 - 2532BC),
built the Great Sphinx as part of his funerary complex, for the
large part of its history it has been covered in sand (the Dream Stela of the Sphinx records
how the young Tuthmosis IV removed
the sand from around the body of the sphinx and so became Pharaoh).
The Sphinx itself is about 66ft (20m) high and 240ft (73m) in
length. It has suffered much through the years - the desert
winds have caused erosion, various people throughout the ages
have added to the damage also (the face was damaged by religious
fanatics in the 14th Century AD), the French army of Napeolon
used it for target practice in 1798.
a face back on the Sphinx:
By taking the face of Khafre's statue found in his Valley Temple,
scaling, adjusting colours etc it is possible to see what the
face of the Sphinx originally looked like ... perhaps...
It is noticeable, however, that the remaining features of the
sphinx do vary slightly from the statue of Khafre (the face is
more rounded and fuller, the eyes are wider apart and bigger
- matching the features of Khufu more closely) - but this can
quite easily be put down to the difficulties of working on a
scultpure many times bigger than the original.