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Discovered and Excavated by Flinders Petrie in 1889, Kahun was built by Sesostris II to house the workforce (Craftsmen and their families, priests and officials) needed to build his pyramid (located less than a mile away) as well as the temple associated with the pyramid (it has been suggested that the town was probably not only built for this purpose - it is too large). Located at the Fayium, it was the first example of an ancient Egyptian town to be discovered (others now include - Amarna and Deir el-Medina), interestingly the town seems to have been deserted in a hurry - possessions have been left behind, famous hieratic papyri (literary, mathematical, medical, veterinary, legal and administrative) were found there.

Map and buildings of Kahun:

 Workman's dwelling





It has been estimated that the town could have held 5,000 people (Badawy in Egyptian Architecture volume II). Petrie had declared when he had finished his excavations that he had found 2145 rooms and thought he had cleared three quarters of the city (estimating the total amount of rooms to be around 2700). However he had found only two-thirds of the rooms, Kahun was larger than he expected.


Objects found at Kahun:

 Dishes made from red pottery, probably used for serving food

 Cosmetic jars from a craftsman's house


These images are copyright (and reproduced by the kind permission of) "The Manchester Museum, The University of Manchester"

Further information is available at Petrie Museum, UCL

 Builder's tools - mudbrick mould, plaster's float and butterfly clamps

A brush, sandals and basket (which contained metal tools)

 farming tools including a hoe and sickle