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 Abu Simbel

Sanctuary

 

An altar is seen in the middle, and finally four seated figures of Ptah, Amen, Ramesses II and Re.

The temple was aligned so that on just two days each year (22nd February and 22nd October), sunlight shot down the corridor to the sanctuary and illuminated these gods (Ptah is left in shadow). Amelia Edwards described this event in 'A Thousand Miles up the Nile'.

On either side of the doorway Ramesses II is shown with arms extended (on the north wall he burns incense and offers a libation before the sacred boat, he also shown adoring Re).